Comparing genders is a dangerous topic in most circumstances, but among Cannabis plants there is little argument that the females are the most sought-after. Only female marijuana plants produce flowers with an abundance of trichomes, the glands that generate the resins that give marijuana its recreational and medicinal effects. Male plants contribute pollen necessary to produce seeds in female flowers, but this is often not wanted. Creating seeds diverts the females’ resources from creating the maximum amount of cannabinoids, and the seeds themselves “dilute” otherwise potent buds. When growing high quality cannabis for medicinal or recreational use, most growers aim to cultivate entirely seedless female cannabis plants, known as sinsemilla. To prevent seed production, strict segregation of the sexes is[…]

As is the case with many plants, Cannabis produces a wide range of chemicals. The most famous of these are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabinol (CBN) and cannabidiol (CBD), but there are many more contributors to the experience that are often overlooked. Terpenes and the nearly identical terpinoids are one of the more interesting chemical types produced by cannabis because they are largely responsible for the delicate tastes and potentially overwhelming smells. There are a number of ways that growers can increase Terpene production to help to improve the flavor of their crops. Firstly, it is important to select a strain that is known to produce the type of flavors that are being sought. Properly flushing near the end of flowering will[…]

The chemical tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is commonly given most of the fanfare when it comes to the effects of Cannabis, but in reality, it’s only one of several chemicals that can have an impact on the way marijuana products affect the human body. Collectively known as cannabinoids, each substance is associated with a variety of characteristics that give Cannabis its psychoactive qualities and the many benefits sought after for medical purposes. THC is responsible for most of the “high” that is experienced by recreational users, which explains the popularity of the chemical in pop culture. THC is also responsible for marijuana’s soothing effect on nausea, muscle spasms and certain types of pain. Conversely, symptoms such as anxiety and epilepsy can be[…]

Photosynthesis is the process by which any plant, including Cannabis, produces its own “fuel”. More specifically, plants use sunlight, water and carbon dioxide (CO2) to generate sugar (a carbohydrate) and oxygen. The sugar is used by the plant, while the oxygen is expelled into the environment as a waste product. Somewhere along the line, growers realized they could increase the yield of their crops by making more CO2 available for photosynthesis. Unfortunately, the process is not as simple as most may hope, so simply adding more CO2 is not a guaranteed way to maximize harvest quantity. Plants can only utilize the gas as long as there is enough light and nutrients available to convert it. Many growing setups only provide[…]

Hydroponic gardening systems offer the indoor gardener attempting to grow the ganja a way to maximize their yield, without having to sacrifice a huge amount of living space. Furthermore, hydroponics has been proven to have quite a few advantages over soil cultivation. Not only is the growth rate on a plant being cultivated using a hydroponic gardening system reportedly 30 to 50 percent faster than a soil plant grown under the same conditions, but the overall yield of the plant is also superior. Scientists believe that there are several reasons for the drastic differences between hydroponically grown plants and those grown in soil. Extra oxygen in the growing mediums used in hydroponic gardening systems serves as a major advantage due[…]

The concept of pH is not really complicated, but it sounds too science-y for some people, so they ignore it and often end up with weak or dead plants. It’s much easier to read this article for 5 minutes and learn all about it! The pH scale, from 1 to 14, measures acid-to-alkaline balance. The number 1 is the most acidic, 7 is neutral, and 14 is the most alkaline. Every full-point change in pH indicates a ten-fold change in acidity or alkalinity. For example, soil or water with a pH of 5 is ten times more acidic than water or soil with a pH of 6. Water with a pH of 5 is one hundred times more acidic than[…]

Flushing your plants is more than just watering them- it’s a simple but important process that will help ensure the safety and taste of your crop. Cannabis that wasn’t properly flushed prior to harvesting will usually be laden with residual nutrients and will have a noticeably harsh, unpleasant taste that irritates your throat. When growing marijuana for medicinal use, appropriately flushing the crops becomes critical due to the fact that a tainted product can cause further health issues when smoked or orally ingested. Depending on what types of nutrients were used to feed the crops during their lifespan, a plant that hasn’t been flushed prior to harvest can retain residual metals and salts left behind from fertilizers, thus further complicating[…]

Gardeners have long relied on pruning to maximize the yield of some plants. Cannabis plants can benefit from this type of maintenance in many situations, though some growers feel that it is not essential (a debate for another time, perhaps). For those who are interested in trying it out, there are some simple tips that will make the experience far more pleasant in the long run. By far, the most important rules are to be gentle and not overdo it. It’s easy to forget that plants are living creatures. Cutting parts away from them is stressful, and being rough or removing too much can put it into shock, ultimately killing your crop. Perform any cuts with the sharpest and quickest[…]

Strains that are dominated by the species of cannabis known as sativa are highly sought after for their clear, “heady” and often energetic effect. Unfortunately, the indoor growing process can be more frustrating than that of its indica counterpart. Many growers avoid sativa because of its fabled finicky nature. Still, there are a number of benefits that counter the drawbacks, so it may be a rash decision to shun the entire species without first considering both sides of the debate. Sativa-dominant strains require much less time in the vegetative state than indicas, though there is a tradeoff in the form of a longer budding/flowering period that can scare off less patient growers. Those who persevere will benefit from cost savings[…]

Many marijuana users seek the classic relaxing effect that is characteristic of the indica species. Accordingly, it is a popular choice among growers. Indica-dominant strains also grow indoors with relative ease and are faster to harvest than sativas. However, like all plants, indicas require a standard level of care that should not be taken for granted. There are a few species-specific guidelines that growers of indica should be aware of. Indica-dominant strains are bushy and dense, with leaves that are broader and shorter than the traditionally seen marijuana symbol that has been in use for decades (which is based on a sativa leaf). These characteristics also make for difficult pruning, so growing indica requires careful trimming. Then again, the thickness[…]